Rev. Carl H. Kemp, Pastor
April 3, 2005
What are the Biblical purposes and principles behind tithing?
: Deuteronomy 14:22-29 READING
KEY BIBLE VERSE: You must tithe all of your crops every year. Bring this tithe to eat before the Lord your God at the place he shall choose as his sanctuary; this applies to your tithes of grain, new wine, olive oil, and the firstborn of your flocks and herds. The purpose of tithing is to teach you always to put God first in your lives. (Deuteronomy 14:22-23, tlb)
Tithing is a clear way to demonstrate our priorities. The Bible makes the purpose of tithing very clearto put God first in our life. We are to give God the first and best of what we earn. For example, what we do first with our money shows what we value most. Giving the first part of our paycheck to God immediately focuses our attention on him. It also reminds us that all we have belongs to him. A habit of regular tithing can keep God at the top of our priority list and give us a proper perspective on everything else we have.
: Mark 12:41-44 READING
KEY BIBLE VERSE: He called his disciples to him and remarked, That poor widow has given more than all those rich men put together! For they gave a little of their extra fat, while she gave up her last penny. (Mark 12:43-44, tlb)
Tithing should remind us of Gods desire that we be generous. In the Lords eyes, this poor widow gave more than all the others put together, though her gift was by far the smallest. The value of a gift is not determined by its amount, but by the spirit in which it is given. A gift given grudgingly or for recognition loses its value. When you give, rememberno matter how small or large your income, your tithe is pleasing to God when it is given out of gratitude and a spirit of generosity.
Paid by Abraham to Melchizedek
Gen 14:20; Heb 7:2-6
(Gen NIV) And blessed be God Most High, who delivered your enemies into your hand." Then Abram gave him a tenth of everything.
Jacob vows a tenth of all his property to God
(Gen 28:22 NIV) and this stone that I have set up as a pillar will be God's house, and of all that you give me I will give you a tenth."
Mosaic laws instituting
Lev 27:30-33; Num 18:21-24; Deut 12:6-7; Deut 12:17-19; Deut 14:22-29; Deut 26:12-15
(Lev 27:30 NIV) "'A tithe of everything from the land, whether grain from the soil or fruit from the trees, belongs to the LORD; it is holy to the LORD.
(Lev 27:31 NIV) If a man redeems any of his tithe, he must add a fifth of the value to it.
(Lev 27:32 NIV) The entire tithe of the herd and flock--every tenth animal that passes under the shepherd's rod--will be holy to the LORD.
(Lev 27:33 NIV) He must not pick out the good from the bad or make any substitution. If he does make a substitution, both the animal and its substitute become holy and cannot be redeemed.'"
Customs relating to
Neh 10:37-38; Amos 4:4; Heb 7:5-9
Tithe of tithes for priests
Num 18:26; Neh 10:38
Stored in the temple
Neh 10:38-39; Neh 12:44; Neh 13:5; Neh 13:12; 2 Chr 31:11-12; Mal 3:10
Payment of, resumed in Hezekiahs reign
2 Chr 31:5-10
Neh 13:10; Mal 3:8
Customary in later times
Matt 23:23; Luke 11:42; Luke 18:12
Observed by idolaters
Jesus (Mat NIV) "Do not think that I have come to abolish the Law or the Prophets; I have not come to abolish them but to fulfill them.
(MatNIV) I tell you the truth, until heaven and earth disappear, not the smallest letter, not the least stroke of a pen, will by any means disappear from the Law until everything is accomplished.
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