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Rev. Carl H. Kemp, Pastor

Tithing

April 3, 2005

 

What are the Biblical purposes and principles behind tithing? 

BIBLE READINGDeuteronomy 14:22-29

KEY BIBLE VERSE: You must tithe all of your crops every year. Bring this tithe to eat before the Lord your God at the place he shall choose as his sanctuary; this applies to your tithes of grain, new wine, olive oil, and the firstborn of your flocks and herds. The purpose of tithing is to teach you always to put God first in your lives. (Deuteronomy 14:22-23tlb)

Tithing is a clear way to demonstrate our priorities. The Bible makes the purpose of tithing very clear—to put God first in our life. We are to give God the first and best of what we earn. For example, what we do first with our money shows what we value most. Giving the first part of our paycheck to God immediately focuses our attention on him. It also reminds us that all we have belongs to him. A habit of regular tithing can keep God at the top of our priority list and give us a proper perspective on everything else we have.

BIBLE READINGMark 12:41-44

KEY BIBLE VERSE: He called his disciples to him and remarked, “That poor widow has given more than all those rich men put together! For they gave a little of their extra fat, while she gave up her last penny.” (Mark 12:43-44tlb)

Tithing should remind us of God’s desire that we be generous. In the Lord’s eyes, this poor widow gave more than all the others put together, though her gift was by far the smallest. The value of a gift is not determined by its amount, but by the spirit in which it is given. A gift given grudgingly or for recognition loses its value. When you give, remember—no matter how small or large your income, your tithe is pleasing to God when it is given out of gratitude and a spirit of generosity.

 

Tithes

Paid by Abraham to Melchizedek

Gen 14:20Heb 7:2-6

 

(Gen 14:20 NIV)  And blessed be God Most High, who delivered your enemies into your hand." Then Abram gave him a tenth of everything.

Jacob vows a tenth of all his property to God

Gen 28:22

(Gen 28:22 NIV)  and this stone that I have set up as a pillar will be God's house, and of all that you give me I will give you a tenth."

Mosaic laws instituting

Lev 27:30-33Num 18:21-24Deut 12:6-7Deut 12:17-19Deut 14:22-29Deut 26:12-15

(Lev 27:30 NIV)   "'A tithe of everything from the land, whether grain from the soil or fruit from the trees, belongs to the LORD; it is holy to the LORD.

(Lev 27:31 NIV)  If a man redeems any of his tithe, he must add a fifth of the value to it.

(Lev 27:32 NIV)  The entire tithe of the herd and flock--every tenth animal that passes under the shepherd's rod--will be holy to the LORD.

(Lev 27:33 NIV)  He must not pick out the good from the bad or make any substitution. If he does make a substitution, both the animal and its substitute become holy and cannot be redeemed.'"

Customs relating to

Neh 10:37-38Amos 4:4Heb 7:5-9

Tithe of tithes for priests

Num 18:26Neh 10:38

Stored in the temple

Neh 10:38-39Neh 12:44Neh 13:5Neh 13:122 Chr 31:11-12Mal 3:10

Payment of, resumed in Hezekiah’s reign

2 Chr 31:5-10

Under Nehemiah

Neh 13:12

Withheld

Neh 13:10Mal 3:8

Customary in later times

Matt 23:23Luke 11:42Luke 18:12

Observed by idolaters

Amos 4:4-5

Jesus (Mat 5:17 NIV)  "Do not think that I have come to abolish the Law or the Prophets; I have not come to abolish them but to fulfill them.

(Mat 5:18 NIV)  I tell you the truth, until heaven and earth disappear, not the smallest letter, not the least stroke of a pen, will by any means disappear from the Law until everything is accomplished.

 

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